TNPSC Civil Judge Exam Coaching in Tamilnadu, Coimbatore

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TN Judicial Service Exam

TNPSC Civil Judge Exam

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Ara Law academy – judiciary exam coaching

ARA Law Academy is considered the premium institute in India providing Online Coaching for Tamil Nadu State Judicial Services Examination to aspiring students the pioneer in conducting all Judiciary exams both Classroom based Classes and also online classes.

It has the most prominent law faculty behind the success of thousands, our Online Coaching for Judicial Services has a variety of features such as live video classes, doubt sessions, study material and online test series for preparation. For those aspirants who want to see themselves as a judge in future can join our best Online Classes for preparation and make their dream come true.

Our online lectures are simple and easy to understand conducted by expert professionals. We at ARA Law Academy focus on our quality teaching methodologies so that our students get the best Online Coaching for the Judiciary examination conducted by different states of India. We train students for Higher Judicial Services examination (HJS), Provincial Civil Service PCS(J), Civil Judge (Junior Division) examination, Magistrate, Assistant Public Prosecutor (APP), Assistant Prosecuting Officer (APO), Assistant District Public Prosecution Officer (ADPPO) exams, Judicial Services Grade 1 Exam and Judicial Services Grade 3 exam for different law subjects.

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TN Judicial service exam

What is Judicial Services Examination?

Judiciary Services Exam is also known as the Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Exam (PCS J) is the entry-level exam for law graduates to become a judge of the judicial department. The state judicial department conducts the exam under the supervision of the respective Hon’ble High Courts to appoint members for subordinate judicial services. Judicial Services Examination or the PCS (J)-Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Examination which they are commonly referred to, are entry-level exams for law graduates to become members of the subordinate judiciary. The state governments under the supervision of the respective high courts appoint members of the lower judiciary based on the competitive examination.

Judicial Services Examination– Eligibility Criteria

Lower Judiciary Services– The eligibility criteria for appearing in Judicial Services Examination is a degree in LL.B and he/she has enrolled or qualified to be enrolled as an Advocate under the Advocates’ Act 1961. No experience is required and final year candidates can also appear. The age limit varies according to the state. it is usually between 21 to 35 years.

Higher Judiciary Services– Candidates must be graduates in law and have a minimum number of years of litigating practice; usually seven years.

Judicial Services Examination– Structure of the exam

Judicial Service Examination is held in three successive stages namely Preliminary Examination, Mains, and Viva-Voce/Interview.

Preliminary Examination– The preliminary examination serves as a screening for the mains exam. It comprises objective-type questions. The marks secured in the preliminary examination are not counted for the final selection. The percentages of qualifying marks vary as per state. The minimum qualifying marks in the preliminary examination is 60 percent for general and 55 percent for reserved categories.

Mains Examination– The mains examination is subjective. The exam comprises three to four papers. The marks secured by candidates are counted for the final selection. Candidates equal to three times the number of vacancies are called for viva-voce.

Viva-Voce/Personal Interview– This is the final stage of selection where candidates are assessed on general interest, personality, and intelligence among other factors.

Judicial Services Examination– Syllabus

The syllabus varies across states. It is broadly divided into Civil law, Criminal Law and Language papers. The weight given to the language paper is around 20 percent to 35 percent. The mains examination constitutes six to seven papers and almost 70 percent of the questions are of law.

Judicial Services Examination– How to prepare?

Candidates must prepare a plan of action and implement the same diligently. Besides knowledge of the subject, one must also be aware of current affairs. “Candidates should first understand the syllabus and then begin their preparation.

Judicial Services Examination– Scope

The position of a judge is the most respected post in the Indian legal system. Candidates appointed through the Judicial Services Examination enjoy a secure and comfortable tenure. A career in judicial services has two levels. First is the lower judicial service for fresh graduates selected through an entrance exam conducted by the respective State Public Service Commission or the high courts. An entry through this assures time-bound promotions and secured tenure. The second level is Higher Judicial Services for practicing lawyers. The selected applicants get posted as Additional District Judges, which and their promotion is faster.

Candidates appointed as Civil Judge (junior division) have the powers of Judicial Magistrate (Second Class) and those promoted to Chief Judicial Magistrate have the powers of Judicial Magistrate (First Class). Candidates appointed as Additional District and Session Judge are posted to High Court and in an exceptional case to the Supreme Court.

Judicial service is a worthwhile option for those who aim to serve the public with high social esteem. It offers a secure and safe career with a comfortable compensation package.

What is the Judicial Service Examination pattern like?

Judicial Services exams are conducted in three stages:

Factors Preliminary Examination Mains Examination Viva-Voce/Personal Interview
Exam Type The Prelims is an objective type examination. It acts as a screening test for the Mains exam.

The mains is a subjective type examination, which comprises of three to four papers 

( Depends State-wise).

Candidates are evaluated based on general knowledge, personality and aptitude among other determinants.
Qualifying Marks For General & SC/ST Categories The minimum qualifying marks vary from state to state. The minimum qualifying marks vary from state to state. This round carries a maximum of 50 marks out of which the candidate needs to score at least 20 marks to get selected.
Evaluation Criteria The marks are not calculated for preparing the final merit list. The marks secured by applicants are counted for the final selection. The final step of selection to become a judge.

What are the state-wise eligibility criteria?

In India, each state has its own Judicial Services Exam with all of them having their own eligibility criteria with regards to their age, language, citizenship etc. The High Courts or the Public Service Commission of that states are typically given the responsibility to appoint judicial officers. 

 The general eligibility criteria to apply for these examinations is as follows:

  Entry Level Examination Educational Qualification Requirement  Experience Required
1. Lower Judiciary Services LL.B degree from a recognised institute or university and enrollment as an advocate under the Advocates Act, 1961 No experience required
2. Higher Judiciary Services LL.B degree A minimum of seven years of experience in litigation

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The Tamil Nadu Judicial Service Exam is conducted every year by the Madras High Court for recruitment to the posts of Civil Judge Junior Division or equivalent. This exam may be colloquially referred to as the TNPSC Civil Judge Exam.


The Civil Judge selection will be made in three successive stages :

(i) Preliminary Examination – Objective MCQ type – for selection of applicants for admission to the Main Examination,

(ii) Main Examination – Subjective / Narrative / Essay type

(iii) Viva–Voce Test.

The candidates for admission to Main Examination will be shortlisted as decided by the Commission at a ratio not exceeding 10 times of the number of vacancies following the applicable rules of reservation.

Candidates for Viva Voce Test will be shortlisted in the ratio of 1:2 or 1:3 with reference to the number of vacancies as specified in “Instructions to Applicants” under the heading “Procedure of Selection”.

At the Viva-voce, the candidate’s “General Knowledge” and the knowledge of Law, grasp of Procedural Laws and Principles of Law and suitability for appointment to the post will be tested.


  • Preliminary Examination (Objective Type)
  • Duration: 2 Hours
  • Maximum Marks: 100
  • Minimum Passing Marks :
  • SCs, SC(A)s and STs: 30 marks
  • MBCs/DCs, BC(OBCM)s and BCMs : 35 marks
  • Others: 40 marks

(i) No candidate who has secured less than the minimum marks specified for the Preliminary Examination shall be eligible for Main Examination.

(ii) The preliminary examination will consist of one paper of objective type based on the syllabus given below containing 100 multiple-choice questions (both in Tamil and English), each carrying one mark. Maximum marks will be 100

Negative marking: ‘1/2’ (half) mark will be deducted for each incorrect answer.

The duration of the Preliminary examination will be two hours. The preliminary examination is conducted for the purpose of shortlisting the candidates and the marks obtained in the preliminary examination shall not be counted for determining the final order of merit of the candidates.



The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908

The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1981

The Transfer of Property Act, 1882

The Indian Contract Act, 1872

The Specific Relief Act,1963

The Constitution of India

The Tamil Nadu Buildings (Lease and Rent Control) Act, 1960 Tamil Nadu Regulation of

Rights and Responsibilities of Landlords and Tenants Act, 2017 (Tamil Nadu Act 42 of 2017)


The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973

The Indian Penal Code,1860

The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

The following Criminal Law Amendment Acts/Ordinances and Minor Acts:-

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1908

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1932

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1938

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 1944

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 1946

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1952

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1961

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Amending Act, 1966

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1972

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1983

The Criminal Law (Second Amendment) Act, 1983

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1993

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2005

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013

The Criminal Minor Acts (including Information Technology Act, 2000; The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012).


General Knowledge – Test of Reasoning and Mental ability.


  1. Translation Paper – 3 hours – 100 Marks
  2. Law Paper-I – 3 hours – 100 Marks
  3. Law Paper-II – 3 hours – 100 Marks
  4. Law Paper-III – 3 hours – 100 Marks

Minimum Passing Marks in each paper :

SCs, SC(A)s and STs : 30 marks

MBCs/DCs, BC(OBCM)s and BCMs : 35 marks

Others : 40 marks

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(i) Translation Paper:

Translation of passages from English to Tamil and from Tamil to English. The passages will be from Pleadings, Depositions, Orders, Judgments and Documents.

(ii) Law Paper – I:

– The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908;

– The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973;

– The Indian Evidence Act, 1872;

– Principles of pleading

– The Constitution of India.

(iii) Law Paper-II:

Framing of Issues and Writing of Judgments in Civil Cases.

(iv) Law Paper –III:

Framing of charges and Writing of Judgments in Criminal Cases.


Maximum Marks – 60

Minimum marks to pass : 18 (for all categories of candidates)

  1. The object of viva-voce test is to assess the suitability of the candidate for the cadre by judging the mental alertness, general knowledge, knowledge of law, grasp of procedural laws and principles of law, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgment, skills, attitude, ethics, power of assimilation, power of communication, character, suitability and intellectual depth, the like of the candidate, his/her tact and ability to handle various situations in the Court.
  2. Candidates of all categories who have obtained a minimum of 18 marks in the viva-voce test alone are eligible for inclusion in the Select List.
  3. The marks secured by a candidate in the Viva Voce Test shall be added to the total marks secured by him/her in the Main examination

Eligibility and Age Limit – TNPSC CIVIL JUDGE EXAM 


  1. a) must be a citizen of India;
  2. b) must hold a degree of Bachelor of Law of any University established by Law in India and recognized as such under the Advocates Act, 1961;
  3. c) must have proficiency in Tamil to read, write and speak.

(A) AGE LIMITS (as on the date mentioned in the official advertisement for the exam)

1 For Practicing Advocates/ Pleaders and Assistant Public Prosecutors :

For SCs, SC(A)s, STs, MBCs/DCs, BCs, BCMs and Destitute Widows of all castes : Minimum 25 years and maximum 40 years.

Others (General Category) : Minimum 25 years and maximum 35 years.

  1. For Fresh Law Graduates(For all Categories) : Minimum 22 years and maximum 27 years.


The Applicants should possess the following qualification (as on the date mentioned in the official advertisement for the exam) :

  1. For Practicing Advocates/ Pleaders and Assistant Public Prosecutors:

(i) Must possess a Degree in Law of a University in India established or incorporated by or under a Central Act or a State Act or an Institution recognized by the University Grants Commission, or any other equivalent qualification and enrolled in the Bar Council of Tamil Nadu or in the Bar Council of any other State in India

(ii) (a) Must be practicing as an Advocate or Pleader in any Court on the date of Notification for recruitment to the post and must have so practiced for a period of not less than 3 years on such date.(or)(b) Must be an Assistant Public Prosecutor having not less than 3 years of experience as an Advocate and / or Assistant Public Prosecutor.

  1. For Fresh Law Graduates

(i) Must be a fresh Law Graduate possessing a degree in Law from a recognized University as mentioned in Clause-I (i) above,

(ii) Must be eligible to be enrolled as an advocate.

(iii) Must have secured an overall percentage of marks in acquiring the Bachelor’s Degree of Law as below:-

(a) 45% Marks in case of Reserved Categories (i.e SCs, SC(A)s, STs, MBCs/DCs, BCs(OBCMs) and BCMs).

(b) 50% Marks in case of Open Category (i.e Others).

(iv) Must have obtained the Bachelor’s Degree of Law within a period of three years prior to the date of notification.

Applicants who have enrolled as Advocates, but do not possess three years of practice at the Bar would be eligible to appear in the recruitment for the post of Civil Judge, under the category of Fresh Law Graduates, provided they satisfy the other requisite eligibility criteria.

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Judiciary Exam Study Materials

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